To put this into a different perspective, many of my clients have done the math and in aggregate their bandwidth costs them between $2 and $5 per customer per month depending upon how small they are. This is the average of transport costs, any peering costs and the Internet port costs. I would be surprised if a large ISP like Comcast is spending much more than $1 to $2 per customer per month for bandwidth. For them to charge $35 for going over their data cap is outrageous and that charge is 100% profit to them.
I disagree with the comparison to cell phone providers. Granted the cellphone companies are making a killing on data, however when you have extremely low caps like cell phone companies do, you do effectively limit usage and reduce capacity and bandwidth requirements, as you are discouraging high usage across your entire customer base. However when caps are high enough to not affect daily usage from 95% of your customer base then caps have zero impact on your highest daily usage as you explained so well.
The ideal, best-in-class internet offers zero packet loss, low latency and high availability. Unfortunately, only a few carriers provide that level of service. Most carriers oversell bandwidth, some by as much as 300 percent. Some carriers lack the personnel to configure changes, with the result that their networks collapse or drop packets during peak periods.
To choose a bandwidth provider, begin by knowing your region and the providers in your area. There are usually only two operators in each vicinity. Some are willing to build fiber to a site within 2 miles of existing construction; others will build only within 500 feet.
Nielsen's law is similar to the more established Moore's law. Unfortunately, comparing the two laws shows that bandwidth grows slower than computer power. Moore's law says that computers double in capabilities every 18 months, which corresponds to about 60% annual growth. As shown in the table, bandwidth will remain the gating factor in the experienced quality of using the internet medium.
Of course, there are many technologies to deliver faster bandwidth, and Bell Labs has already demonstrated the ability to shoot a terabit per second down an optical fiber. Unfortunately, these technologies will not deliver huge bandwidth increases to the masses any time soon.
Of course, low-end users will still have slow speeds in 2003, so high-end users' megabit access will still not sanction bloated design. Looking even further ahead, Nielsen's law does predict that the web will be 57 times faster in 10 years (2008). At that time, even low-end users will be able to access multimedia designs, and the high-end users will be able to use very advanced sites. The future of the web holds great promise for much richer designs. It is simply that the current web is so horribly slow that it will take 5 years to achieve acceptable response times. Only after 2003 can web design change direction and aim at higher bandwidth.
Bandwidth is how much information you receive every second, while speed is how fast that information is received or downloaded. Let's compare it to filling a bathtub. If the bathtub faucet has a wide opening, more water can flow at a faster rate than if the pipe was narrower. Think of the water as the bandwidth and the rate at which the water flows as the speed.
Latency is sometimes referred to as delay or ping rate. It's the lag you experience while waiting for something to load. If bandwidth is the amount of information sent per second, latency is the amount of time it takes that information to get from its source to you.
If you love to stream HD videos, download large files and enjoy multiplayer gaming, you may want to consider speed plans of 100 Mbps and above. For all other activities like streaming music, surfing and video conferencing - anything above 25 Mbps should be enough. It all depends on how patient you are with potential buffering and slightly slower speeds when others at home are competing for bandwidth at the same time for their own activities.
Get a higher Mbps plan if you stream a lot of content and have more connected devices and appliances at home. Fios Gigabit Connection, with speeds up to 940/880 Mbps, can handle up to 100 devices at once and Verizon 5G home internet is going Ultra in select areas.
Try to connect computers to your router or network with an Ethernet cable. Being wired directly helps with congestion on the airwaves and helps prevent bandwidth and connection issues from other devices.
In the telecom industry, the same thing can be done. At a high level, purchasing wholesale internet allows telecom companies to sell the services back to businesses or individuals at locations they could not previously served.
Wholesale bandwidth service is a bandwidth connection that provides high-speed internet or data service. Wholesale bandwidth internet is integral to the telecom industry. Without it, businesses and individuals cannot receive services.
The biggest reason telecommunications companies need to buy wholesale to become ISPs is that telecom companies are not national. Although several telecom companies have franchise areas, none of them provide capabilities on a national scale, which means most service providers have physical infrastructure in addition to reselling wholesale internet.
Instance bandwidth specifications apply to both inbound and outbound traffic for the instance. For example, if an instance specifies up to 10 Gbps of bandwidth, that means is has up to 10 Gbps of bandwidth for inbound traffic, and 10 Gbps for outbound traffic. The network bandwidth that's available to an EC2 instance depends on several factors, as follows.
Baseline bandwidth for single-flow (5-tuple) traffic is limited to 5 Gbps when instances are not in the same cluster placement group. To reduce latency and increase single-flow bandwidth, try one of the following:
The available network bandwidth of an instance depends on the number of vCPUs that ithas. For example, an m5.8xlarge instance has 32 vCPUs and 10 Gbps networkbandwidth, and an m5.16xlarge instance has 64 vCPUs and 20 Gbps networkbandwidth. However, instances might not achieve this bandwidth; for example, if theyexceed network allowances at the instance level, such as packet per second or number oftracked connections. How much of the available bandwidth the traffic can utilize dependson the number of vCPUs and the destination. For example, an m5.16xlargeinstance has 64 vCPUs, so traffic to another instance in the Region can utilize the fullbandwidth available (20 Gbps). However, traffic to another instance in a differentRegion can utilize only 50% of the bandwidth available (10 Gbps).
Typically, instances with 16 vCPUs or fewer (size 4xlarge and smaller) aredocumented as having \"up to\" a specified bandwidth; for example, \"up to 10 Gbps\". Theseinstances have a baseline bandwidth. To meet additional demand, they can use a network I/O credit mechanism to burst beyond their baseline bandwidth. Instances can use burstbandwidth for a limited time, typically from 5 to 60 minutes, depending on the instancesize.
An instance receives the maximum number of network I/O credits at launch. If the instance exhausts its network I/O credits, it returns to its baseline bandwidth. A running instance earns network I/O credits whenever it uses less network bandwidth than its baseline bandwidth. A stopped instance does not earn network I/O credits. Instance burst is on a best effort basis, even when the instance has credits available, as burst bandwidth is a shared resource.
You can use CloudWatch metrics to monitor instance network bandwidth and the packets sent and received.You can use the network performance metrics provided by the Elastic Network Adapter (ENA) driverto monitor when traffic exceeds the network allowances that Amazon EC2 defines at the instance level.
Wi-Fi: Partial bandwidth and always Half-Duplex. Data moves using a portion of a band (spectrum), known as a channel, in one direction at a time. You can think of Wi-Fi as the walkie-talkie in voice communication.
Thank you for your reply, a couple of things. What I have is called a Sagemcom fast 5566 DSL/VDSL2+ Modem by our provider, not a Gateway. I have no choice but to use their equipment for our internet pipe. This is located in the basement with one connection to a 8 port Gigbit switch as I mentioned.I can turn off the WiFi functionality on this Home Hub Modem.
I have a 5000 sq ft house and am looking for the best mesh router system for a house this size where I can hardwire the router and satellite via ethernet but want to maximize the fiber internet I have that is 1gbps as well be somewhat future proof for at least several years. I would greatly appreciate your advice.
Your articles are wonderful, thank you for explaining in such detail and clarity.I have very poor internet bandwidth, providing only 40Mbps (all over our area). There are currently no options for improvement but possibly this will change in a couple of years.I live in a 3 story house. The coverage was poor in the top floor and the basement, so I had previosuly relied on a wired repeater. We have recently rennovated so that we now have wired connections in many more rooms, but obviously still need WiFi (zoom meetings, music streaming etc).Our existing router is an older Netgear VEGN2610 which I assume is dualband. I am considering buying a MESH system (Linksys Velop 0303 or TPLink M9), to connect one node wired to the old router and place the other two nodes in the poor-coverage floors.Does this make sense, given out poor internet bandwidthWould it be better to buy a less expensive dual band MESH and then be able to replace my router tooThank you in advance
I am still very confused over internet speed vs wireless speed. Most standalone routers or mesh routers market their product such as AC1200, dual band. Essentially it is providing 867mbps on 5ghz band and 433mbps on 2.4ghz. 59ce067264