"Agricultural production" includes, but is not limited to, horticulture, silviculture, floriculture, maple syrup harvesting, and the raising of pets, livestock as defined in section 17A.03, subdivision 5, poultry, dairy and poultry products, bees and apiary products, the raising and harvesting of agricultural crops, sod, fur-bearing animals, research animals, and horses.
"Digital code" means a code which provides a purchaser with a right to obtain one or more specified digital products or other digital products. A digital code may be transferred electronically, such as through electronic mail, or it may be transferred on a tangible medium, such as on a plastic card, a piece of paper or invoice, or imprinted on another product. A digital code is not a code that represents a stored monetary value that is deducted from a total as it is used by the purchaser, and it is not a code that represents a redeemable card, gift card, or gift certificate that entitles the holder to select a digital product of an indicated cash value. The end user of a digital code is any purchaser except one who receives the contractual right to redistribute a digital product which is the subject of the transaction.
On February 19, 2022, at approximately 9:00 p.m. MST, two Border Patrol agents assigned to the Douglas Border Patrol Station Horse Patrol Unit responded to reports of possible undocumented migrants in a remote mountainous area approximately 32 miles northeast of Douglas, Ariz. Upon their arrival to the area, the Border Patrol agents dismounted their horses due to the terrain. The Border Patrol agents subsequently apprehended three undocumented migrants.
Scott joined the UAA in 2010, returning to the campus where he earned a journalism degree. Prior to that, he spent the majority of his newspaper career at The Tampa Tribune, where he covered the Tampa Bay Devil Rays, Tampa Bay Lightning, Florida State, USF and horse racing over that span.
DF: It had been in the family since about, well before 1900, well before 1900, actually my Mother's parents came from, some from Denmark, some from Sweden. Those that came from Denmark are the ones who homesteaded there. This was about in the 1860s and so they had a private ranch before the Forest Service was created in that area. Then the Forest Service was created along around 1903 to 1906 and they had a permit to graze 1,044 ewes in the summertime plus their lambs and they had a small cattle permit; I mean they had a small permit for cattle. Let's say a one-bull herd. And they also had a permit to graze a few horses and they raised excellent horses, both saddle horses and draft horses.
DF: Yes, this was a wonderful opportunity to learn the range and to learn how livestock were managed out on the open range and then we knew about wintering them and we learned the year-round process for running cattle and sheep and horses. In FFA, I had a mother sow, a pig, for a project and so we had experience not only in sheep and cattle and horses, but also in pigs.
DF: Future Farmers of America. Now, we had 4-H in the county but I was more active in the FFA, which was associated with high school. And our vo-ag instructor in high school was also our vo-ag teacher and so he taught us in FFA and of course we received high school credit for our work there and I was very fortunate to be on our high school livestock judging team and at our sophomore year we were having the annual FFA convention at Utah State University, it was actually Utah State Agricultural College at that time at Logan, Utah and two other boys and I won the state of Utah in livestock judging and we got to compete in Kansas City that fall. This was the fall of 1936 at the national FFA convention. Back there, we were very fortunate to win second place overall in the livestock judging and our vo-ag instructor had bought a new Ford V-8 and we drove from our home in Utah, we drove over to the American Royal Livestock Show which was at Kansas City, Missouri and that's where this national convention was held and so it was a wonderful trip over and a wonderful time there.
But actually they were married at Manti when Dad came home from the University of Utah for the Christmas holidays. So they were married in Manti in what we call the Church Temple on December 22nd, 1915. Dad was two years older than Mother and actually my Mother had grown up in the small town of Sterling, which is six miles south of Manti; population of approximately 450 people.
DF: My freshman year I worked a little at the sheep barn and also I was familiar with horses and I was asked to feed their horses first thing in the morning, the horses that Utah State University owned, and they had a thoroughbred stallion and they had a Percheron draft stallion and I would feed these horses first thing in the morning when I was going to school and on Saturdays I would take both of them out for a little exercise and ride for a couple of miles around Logan. But this was a wonderful experience and great training for me and I enjoyed it very much. College was a great growing experience; in addition to our classes we learned great practical things in addition to our traditional work.
DF: Dr. Fred F. McKenzie, who later became head of the Animal Science Department here, was my major professor and he taught me how to do artificial insemination of cattle and horses, and he taught me how to collect the semen from the stallions and to inseminate the mares and cows. This was extra-curricular work, but I was learning a great deal. Also, I had the opportunity to work in the wool laboratory and I became a professional wool grader. I could grade wool professionally and did for a large ranch in southeastern Utah. I'm getting ahead of the story a little bit, but I learned this from Dr. McKenzie.
DF: I went home and was deferred and I was told that I was going to be drafted along around the first of November. In the meantime, I had acquired a small bunch of sheep, about a hundred head, and I turned these over to my younger brother who was actually deferred, to run that ranch and I prepared to go into the service. I went to Fort Douglas in Salt Lake City. Went up on the train. We got up there and had our physicals and so on and a Marine Captain said to me, "We'd like you to join the Marine Corps." And I said, "Well, I have an older brother in the Navy and a younger brother in Patton's Army in Europe. That's fine, I'll join the Marine Corps." He said, "If you'll join the Marine Corps, we'll have our quota for today." So when we got done and I said I would join the Marine Corps, I said, "Well, how many Marines did you take today?" And he says, "Two. You and another fellow and the other fellow happened to be Louis Keisel, a little younger than me, but from my hometown. I've got to say there was a good boy and he was all muscle and I had been working hard also and could do hard work and I could run that obstacle course in good time. So when November came, I was ready to go into the Marine Corps but the draft board said we can't take you. Young men have been volunteering and it so happened that Louis Keisel and I went in at the same time and this was early January ...
DF: I had been actually, was in Hawaii when I joined up with an outfit that had fought on Iwo Jima and they were back to Hawaii to be built back up to strength for the invasion of Japan. And so I got in with an outfit of experienced men who had been through combat and I felt good about this and so we went around to the west side of Japan to the southernmost island, Kyushu, of their main islands. And there we went ashore just as if we had invaded. The occupation of Japan was peaceful and things went exceedingly well. I learned a great deal and I'm very glad that I had served in the Marine Corps. I was not in the Corps quite a year and a half, a little over seventeen months and that made me feel good.
DF: Charlie Redd's was in southeastern Utah; Deseret Livestock was in northeastern Utah along the Wyoming state line. They have a little property in Wyoming. And Deseret Live Stock Company is a marvelous ranch, and they ran approximately 40,000 ewes, a little more than that, plus their lambs, plus over 5,000 cattle and they did own and use 400 horses. So that was a great place for me to go to work. I enjoyed my time there and it was a time of building again. And from Will Sorensen I learned how to manage those 40,000 ewes and Mr. Dansie, general manager, told me to get familiar with the cattle operation and we also broke our own horses, trained them to work, to do draft horse work or for saddle horses.
But for the winter there would be every camp had its own wagon for the herder and camp tender for their living quarters, they had a team of two draft horses and then they had two saddle horses. It was the camp tender's job to move the camp to fresh feed, to take care of the horses, he'd have to melt snow for the horses sometimes during the winter, but he had equipment to do this and generally there would be two men, the herder and the camp tender with each winter herd.
I had been here, I came in 1956 and soon I was made their secretary of Western Oregon Livestock Association and just did that as part of my Extension work. And this gave us another group to work with and actually, it helped with the Oregon Cattlemen. They worked things together quite a bit; western Oregon with Oregon Cattlemen were quite a voice at the Legislature and it worked out very well. And actually, I was secretary of Western Oregon Livestock Association from 1958 until 1968, for ten years.
About this time, the yield grade system came into existence where cattle carcasses were rated according to how fat they were and the amount of muscling they had in relation to the fatness over the outside of the body. Now, we had some carcass contests at the PI, Pacific International, carcass demonstrations we called them. But run actually through Oregon State University Extension Service. Animals were selected based on the "cutability" we called it, the meatiness of their carcass in relation to the fat in the carcass. 1e1e36bf2d